In some Mexican jurisdictions prosecutors have chosen to prosecute consensual sexual activity involving adults and underage minors only upon complaint by the minor, or a custodial complaint.
The age of consent in the Federal District Mexico City is 12, one of the lowest in the world, and the overall criminal legislation of Mexico's capital is close to that of the federal law regarding this subject, although tougher in some aspects — higher penalties and broader definitions. Article of the Federal District Criminal Code refers to the previous Article , which stipulates a term of 6 to 17 years of prison for the rape of adults, while defining copulation as "the introduction of the penis in the human body through the vagina, anus or mouth".
Article covers " sexual abuse " and punishes other acts referred as "unintentional" acts —"who without purpose of reaching copulation, performs a sexual act with a person under 12 or a person that has no capacity of understanding the meaning of the act or that for any reason cannot resist it, or that demands that such act is observed or performed, will be punished with 2 to 7 years in prison". In both Articles and , there is an extra half term in case of physical or moral violence.
And according to Article , there is also a punishment of an extra two thirds of the term under the same circumstances foreseen in Article Bis of the Federal Law see above , added by two new circumstances — clause V when the victim is inside a private vehicle or a public service vehicle ; and clause VI when the crime is committed in a desert or isolated place.
There is a crime called estupro stipulated in Article , which refers to consented sex with adolescents aged 12 to 18, when consent is obtained through any means of deceit. The penalty is 6 months to 4 years of prison. This crime needs a complaint querella to be prosecuted. There is a Corruption of Minors statute Article that can be used to punish by imprisonment, for seven to twelve years, adults who engage in sexual relations with persons under eighteen. This situation exists all over Mexico, and can be prosecuted upon complaint of victim or the victim's family. The age of consent in Montserrat is In Nicaragua , the age of consent is 18, although, in regard to young people , the law Article is not clear cut.
Anyone who is married or in a stable de facto union or who is of age and who, without violence or intimidation , has or allows carnal access with a person aged between 14 and 16 shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a period of two to four years. Anyone who induces, provides, promotes or uses persons aged under 16 or a disabled person for sexual or erotic purposes , forcing them to witness or participate in an act or show in public or in private, even if the victim consents to witness or participate in such an act, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a period of five to seven years, or four to six years if the victim is aged between 16 and Anyone who has or allows carnal access with a person aged under 14 or who, for sexual purposes, inserts or forces the victim to insert a finger, object or instrument, by way of the vagina, anus or mouth, with or without consent , shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a period of 12 to 15 years.
Anyone who engages in lewd acts with or improper touching of another person, without their consent, In no circumstances shall the victim be considered to have given consent if the victim is under the age of 14 or has a mental disability or illness. In Panama , the age of consent is in general 18, although sexual conduct with children aged 14 to 18 is not always illegal.
Whoever, using a condition of advantage, achieves sexual intercourse with a person over fourteen and under eighteen , even with consent, shall be punished with imprisonment from two to four years. This does not apply if the age difference is less than 5-years and the partners are in a stable couple relationship. The sanctions provided in this article do not apply if there is a couple relationship duly established between the victim and the agent, and the age difference does not exceed five years.
What Is the Age of Consent?
The age of consent in Puerto Rico is There is a 4-year close-in-age exception subject to a minimum age of The age of consent in Saint Kitts and Nevis is The age of consent in Saint Lucia is The age of consent in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is The age of consent in Sint Maarten is 15, as specified by the Criminal Code of the Netherlands Antilles which Sint Maarten did not change after the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles , Articles , which reads:.
Prosecution for the violation of the above article only takes place upon a "complaint" by the minor, his parents, teacher, or the guardianship board Art , 2. The age of consent in Trinidad and Tobago is 18, as per the Children Act, Subject to section 20, a person who sexually penetrates a child commits an offence and is liable on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for life. In the United States , the age of consent laws are made at the state, territorial , and federal district levels.
There exist several federal statutes related to protecting minors from sexual predators, but none of them imposes an age limit on sexual acts. On 26 June , both heterosexual and homosexual sodomy became legal in all U. Supreme Court decision Lawrence v. Texas  between non-commercial, consenting adults in a private bedroom. Limon , the Kansas Supreme Court used Lawrence as a precedent to overturn the state's "Romeo and Juliet" law, which proscribed lesser penalties for heterosexuals than homosexuals convicted of similar age of consent related offenses.
As of August 1, , the age of consent in each state in the United States was either 16 years of age, 17 years of age, or 18 years of age. The most common age of consent is The age of consent is There is however a close-in-age exemption that allows minors 16 and 17 years old to consent with someone no more than five years older than themselves and minors 13 to 15 years old to consent with one another, but not with anyone 16 or over.
What Do I Need to Know About Age of Consent? - Teen Health Source
Aggravated rape in the first degree bans sexual intercourse or sodomy with a child under Sexual acts with minors are aggravated by the use of force, intimidation, or the perpetrator's position of authority, and by the fact that the minor, being under 16 and not the perpetrator's spouse, is residing in the same household as the perpetrator. Any person under 18 years of age but over 16 years of age who perpetrates an act of sexual intercourse or sodomy with a person not the perpetrator's spouse who is under 16 years of age but over 13 years of age, under circumstances not amounting to rape in the first degree, is guilty of rape in the third degree and shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the Family Division of the Superior Court.
A person who engages in sexual contact with a person not the perpetrator's spouse—.. A person over eighteen years of age who engages in sexual contact with a person not the perpetrator's spouse who is over thirteen but under sixteen years of age is guilty of unlawful sexual contact in the second degree and shall be imprisoned not more than 1 year Paraphrasing Virgin Islands Code: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Ages of consent in the United States
You can help by adding to it. Age of consent reform in Canada. Section relies solely on a dead link. Ages of consent in the United States. North America portal Sexuality portal Law portal. Magistrate says do not tolerate pre-consent aged teens having sex". Archived PDF from the original on 3 March Retrieved 11 February Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 16 February Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 25 April Archived from the original on 11 October Archived from the original PDF on 29 February Archived PDF from the original on 16 May Archived PDF from the original on 20 September Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on 11 March Archived from the original on 2 May The Law - SACC provides emergency nurse, medical care, information thoughts feelings collect physical evidence help legal".
Archived from the original on 14 April C , Section , Subsection 1 ". Department of Justice Canada. Archived from the original on 4 December Archived from the original on 14 January Archived from the original on 22 August Archived from the original on 6 July Archived from the original PDF on 23 March Retrieved 24 April Government of the Netherlands.
Archived from the original on 24 July Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 23 March Archived from the original on 28 February Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 10 February Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 13 October Archived from the original on 12 February Archived from the original on 17 February Archived PDF from the original on 11 July Retrieved 7 March It is an offense of rape: For purposes of this article shall mean sexual intercourse, which have vaginal, anal or oral route.
It will be punishable with ten 10 to fifteen 15 years of imprisonment. They are special cases of rape sexual intercourse with a person of either sex when without any violence or threats, meet any of the following circumstances.
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Such cases shall be punishable by fifteen 15 to twenty 20 years of imprisonment and are as follows: When acts of lust consisting in the insertion of objects or instruments of any nature in the sexual organs or other natural orifices or artificial simulating the sexual organs of the taxpayer body, the offender shall be punished with imprisonment of ten 10 fifteen 15 years. Archived PDF from the original on 4 March Retrieved 10 November Archived from the original on 1 December Archived from the original PDF on 9 May Retrieved 22 March Archived PDF from the original on 7 February This most likely reflects Congressional intent not to unduly interfere with a state's age-of-consent law, which would have been the case if the age was set to 18 under all circumstances.
This law is also extraterritorial in nature to U. Citizens and Residents who travel outside of the United States. Although legislation tends to reflect general societal attitudes regarding male versus female ages of consent, Richard Posner notes in his Guide to America's Sex Laws: Supreme Court has held that stricter rules for males do not violate the equal protection clause of the Constitution, on the theory that men lack the disincentives associated with pregnancy that women have, to engage in sexual activity, and the law may thus provide men with those disincentives in the form of criminal sanctions.
The Assimilative Crimes Act 18 U. Consequently, if an act is not punishable under any federal law such as 18 U. However, in Esquivel-Quintana v. Sessions , the Supreme Court held that in the context of statutory rape offenses that criminalize sexual intercourse based solely on the ages of the participants, the generic federal definition of "sexual abuse of a minor" requires the age of the victim to be less than There is also a mistake-in-age defense if the minor is over 12, but not if the minor is under Within the United States, United States servicemembers are further subject to the local state law both when off-post.
The local state law is incorporated, for the most part, into federal law when on-post per the Assimilative Crimes Act 18 U. Depending upon the relevant status of forces agreement , United States servicemembers are also subject to the local criminal laws of the host nation for acts committed off-post.
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The age of consent in the District of Columbia is 16 with a close-in-age exemption for those within four years of age. According to the Code of the District of Columbia, a relationship is considered "significant" if one of the partners is:. As of August 1, , the age of consent in each state in the United States is either 16 years of age, 17 years of age, or 18 years of age.
The most common age of consent is 16,  which is a common age of consent in most other Western countries. These state laws are discussed in detail below. Most of these state laws refer to statutory rape using other names instead of "statutory rape" in particular. Nevada criminalizes "statutory sexual seduction" while Pennsylvania criminalizes "statutory sexual assault".
In most states there is not a single age in which a person may consent, but rather consent varies depending upon the minimum age of the younger party, the minimum age of the older party, or the differences in age. Some states have a single age of consent. In Smith and Kercher wrote "Because of the large number of potential statutory rape cases, it is said that many jurisdictions will "pick and choose" which cases they want to investigate and prosecute. Smith and Kercher wrote that there had been "large inconsistencies" among the decisions of prosecution and sentencing of these cases, and there had been accusations that minority males who have sex with minority women resulting in pregnancy or who have sex with white women have faced the brunt of enforcement.