But, that the laws of the Gentiles are otherwise, who is there that knows not. In modern times a minority of Roman Catholic theologians have argued that polygamy, though not ideal, can be a legitimate form of Christian marriage in certain regions, in particular Africa. The illegality of polygamy in certain areas creates, according to certain Bible passages, additional arguments against it. Paul the Apostle writes "submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also because of conscience" Romans The Lutheran World Federation hosted a regional conference in Africa, in which the acceptance of polygamists into full membership by the Lutheran Church in Liberia was defended as being permissible.
The Lambeth Conference of the Anglican Communion ruled that polygamy was permissible in certain circumstances: The Conference upholds monogamy as God's plan, as the idea of relationship of love between husband and wife; nevertheless recommends that a polygymaist who responds to the Gospel and wishes to join the Anglican Church may be baptized and confirmed with his believing wives and children on the following conditions:.
Latter Day Saints portal. This scripture was used by John Taylor in to quash Mormon polygamy rumors in Liverpool, England. Kimball took multiple wives. Mormon elders who publicly taught that all men were commanded to enter plural marriage were subject to harsh discipline.
What are the rules of polygamy?
After Joseph Smith was killed by a mob on 27 June , the main body of Latter Day Saints left Nauvoo and followed Brigham Young to Utah where the practice of plural marriage continued. Additional sermons by top Mormon leaders on the virtues of polygamy followed. The key plank of the Republican Party 's platform was "to prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism, polygamy and slavery".
The LDS Church believed that their religiously based practice of plural marriage was protected by the United States Constitution ,  however, the unanimous Supreme Court decision Reynolds v. United States declared that polygamy was not protected by the Constitution, based on the longstanding legal principle that "laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious belief and opinions, they may with practices. Increasingly harsh anti-polygamy legislation in the US led some Mormons to emigrate to Canada and Mexico.
Anti-Mormon sentiment waned, as did opposition to statehood for Utah. By the LDS Church excommunicated those who entered into, or performed, new plural marriages. Even so, many plural husbands and wives continued to cohabit until their deaths in the s and s. Enforcement of the Manifesto caused various splinter groups to leave the LDS Church in order to continue the practice of plural marriage. Polygamist churches of Mormon origin are often referred to as " Mormon fundamentalist " even though they are not a part of the LDS Church.
Such fundamentalists often use a purported revelation to John Taylor as the basis for their authority to continue the practice of plural marriage. Buhman that the portions of Utah's anti-polygamy laws which prohibit multiple cohabitation were unconstitutional, but also allowed Utah to maintain its ban on multiple marriage licenses. The Council of Friends also known as the Woolley Group and the Priesthood Council   was one of the original expressions of Mormon fundamentalism , having its origins in the teachings of Lorin C. Woolley , a dairy farmer excommunicated from the LDS Church in For most of his career, Smith denied that his father had been involved in the practice and insisted that it had originated with Brigham Young.
Smith served many missions to the western United States where he met with and interviewed associates and women claiming to be widows of his father, who attempted to present him with evidence to the contrary. Smith typically responded to such accusations by saying that he was "not positive nor sure that [his father] was innocent",  and that if, indeed, the elder Smith had been involved, it was still a false practice.
However, many members of the Community of Christ , and some of the groups that were formerly associated with it are not convinced that Joseph Smith practiced plural marriage, and feel that the evidence that he did is flawed. In Islamic marital jurisprudence , under reasonable and warranted conditions, a Muslim man may have more than one wife at the same time, up to a total of four. Muslim women are not permitted to have more than one husband at the same time under any circumstances.
Based on verse And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts: The polygyny that is allowed in the Koran is for special situations. There are strict requirements to marrying more than one woman, as the man must treat them equally financially and in terms of support given to each wife, according to Islamic law.
However, Islam advises monogamy for a man if he fears he can't deal justly with his wives. This is based on verse 4: If ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with them , then only one, or one that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.
Muslim women are not allowed to marry more than one husband at once. However, in the case of a divorce or their husbands' death they can remarry after the completion of Iddah , as divorce is legal in Islamic law. A non-Muslim woman who flees from her non-Muslim husband and accepts Islam has the option to remarry without divorce from her previous husband, as her marriage with non-Muslim husband is Islamically dissolved on her fleeing. The verse also emphasizes on transparency, mutual agreement and financial compensation as prerequisites for matrimonial relationship as opposed to prostitution; it says:.
Also prohibited are women already married, except those whom your right hands possess: Thus hath Allah ordained Prohibitions against you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek them in marriage with gifts from your property,- desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers at least as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree Mutually to vary it , there is no blame on you, and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.
Muhammad was monogamously married to Khadija , his first wife, for 25 years, until she died. After her death, he married multiple women, mostly widows,  for social and political reasons. The Qur'an does not give preference in marrying more than one wife. One reason cited for polygyny is that it allows a man to give financial protection to multiple women, who might otherwise not have any support e. In such a case, the husband cannot marry another woman as long as he is married to his wife.
Usually the wives have little to no contact with each other and lead separate, individual lives in their own houses, and sometimes in different cities, though they all share the same husband. In most Muslim-majority countries, polygyny is legal with Kuwait being the only one where no restrictions are imposed on it. Countries that allow polygyny typically also require a man to obtain permission from his previous wives before marrying another, and require the man to prove that he can financially support multiple wives.
In Malaysia and Morocco , a man must justify taking an additional wife at a court hearing before he is allowed to do so. In , the United Nations Human Rights Committee reported that polygamy violates the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ICCPR , citing concerns that the lack of "equality of treatment with regard to the right to marry" meant that polygamy, restricted to polygyny in practice, violates the dignity of women and should be outlawed. Bigamy is illegal in the United Kingdom.
In the UK, adultery is not a criminal offense it is only a ground for divorce . In a written answer to the House of Commons, "In Great Britain, polygamy is only recognized as valid in law in circumstances where the marriage ceremony has been performed in a country whose laws permit polygamy and the parties to the marriage were domiciled there at the time.
In addition, immigration rules have generally prevented the formation of polygamous households in this country since The Government in the UK decided that Universal Credit UC , which replaces means-tested benefits and tax credits for working-age people and will not be completely introduced until , will not recognize polygamous marriages.
A House of Commons Briefing Paper states "Treating second and subsequent partners in polygamous relationships as separate claimants could in some situations mean that polygamous households receive more under Universal Credit than they do under the current rules for means-tested benefits and tax credits. This is because, as explained above, the amounts which may be paid in respect of additional spouses are lower than those which generally apply to single claimants.
In October there was media attention in the UK concerning website over a dating website offering Muslim men an opportunity to seek second or third wives. Website founder Azad Chaiwala created the website when he was seeking a second wife for himself. Polygamy is illegal in the United States. Federal legislation to outlaw the practice was endorsed as constitutional in , despite the religious objections of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Mormons , by the Supreme Court, in Reynolds v.
On 13 December , a federal judge , spurred by the American Civil Liberties Union and other groups,  struck down the parts of Utah's bigamy law that criminalized cohabitation, while also acknowledging that the state may still enforce bans on having multiple marriage licenses. Authors such as Alyssa Rower and Samantha Slark argue that there is a case for legalizing polygamy on the basis of regulation and monitoring of the practice, legally protecting the polygamous partners and allowing them to join mainstream society instead of forcing them to hide from it when any public situation arises.
In an October op-ed for USA Today , George Washington University law professor Jonathan Turley argued that, as a simple matter of equal treatment under law, polygamy ought to be legal.
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Acknowledging that underage girls are sometimes coerced into polygamous marriages, Turley replied that "banning polygamy is no more a solution to child abuse than banning marriage would be a solution to spousal abuse". Stanley Kurtz , a Conservative fellow at the Hudson Institute , rejects the decriminalization and legalization of polygamy. Marriage, as its ultramodern critics would like to say, is indeed about choosing one's partner, and about freedom in a society that values freedom.
But that's not the only thing it is about. As the Supreme Court justices who unanimously decided Reynolds in understood, marriage is also about sustaining the conditions in which freedom can thrive. Polygamy in all its forms is a recipe for social structures that inhibit and ultimately undermine social freedom and democracy.
What are the rules of polygamy? | HowStuffWorks
A hard-won lesson of Western history is that genuine democratic self-rule begins at the hearth of the monogamous family. Canada has taken a strong stand against polygamy, and the Department of Justice of Canada has argued that polygyny is a violation of International Human Rights Law, as a form of gender discrimination. It extends the definition of polygamy to having any kind of conjugal union with more than one person at the same time. Also anyone who assists, celebrates, or is a part to a rite, ceremony, or contract that sanctions a polygamist relationship is guilty of polygamy.
Polygamy is an offence punishable by up to five years in prison. In , two Canadian religious leaders have been found guilty of practising polygamy by the Supreme Court of British Columbia. Polygamous marriages are not recognized in Russia. The Family Code of Russia states that a marriage can only be contracted between a man and a woman, neither of whom is married to someone else. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For polygamy in plants, see Plant reproductive morphology. This article is missing information about polygamy in history.
Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. Cicisbeo Concubinage Courtesan Mistress. Breakup Separation Annulment Divorce Widowhood.
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Murray Michelle Rosaldo David M. Social Bonding and Nurture Kinship. Legal status of polygamy. Portrait of Ira Eldredge with his three wives: Current state of polygamy. List of Latter Day Saint practitioners of plural marriage. Archived from the original on 1 February Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek in Greek. Center for the Greek Language. Dictionary of Modern Greek in Greek. Proof from the Bible that God did not intend "One man - One woman". A Comparative Study of the Domestic Domain. Polygyny, Economy and the Role of Women. In The Character of Kinship.
Cambridge University Press, , pp. Ecology, Economy, Kinship, and Warfare.